Shirley Chisholm on November 30, 1924, as Shirley Anita St. Hill. She was an African-American politician, educator, and author. In 1968, she became the first African-American woman elected to the U.S. Congress and represented New York’s 12th Congressional District from 1969 to 1983..
On January 25, 1972, she became the first major-party black candidate for President of the United States and the first woman to run for the Democratic presidential nomination. Barack H. Obama, America’s first African-American President, was just ten-years-old. She received 152 first-ballot votes at the 1972 Democratic National Convention.
She died on January 1, 2005. She was 80-years-old.